Raja Harishchandra is a First India’s Silent Film made in 1913, Directed and Produced by India icon Dadashaheb Phalke. The Film Was based on legend of Raja Harishchandra, recounted in the Ramayana and Mahabharata, Film marked a historic benchmark in the film industry in India, Only One print of the film was made and shown at the Coronation Cinematograph.
Dattatraya Damodar Dabke a Marathi stage actor, Who played the lead role of Raja Harishchandra And the female lead role of Tramati, Harishchandra’s wife was also played by a male actor called Anna Salunke and Phalke’s son Bhalachandra D.Phalke was the child artist who done the role of Rohtash, son of Harishchandra. Vishwamitra’s role was played by G.V. Sane. The scripted by Ranchhodbai Udayram and Data Saheb Phalke.
Data Saheb Phalke, Who eventually came to don the title “father of Indian Cinema”. Who was the director, script writer and producer of the film. He started a studio in Dadar Main Road. He wrote the screen play, and created the sets for the film and started shooting the film himself. The film full length of 3700 ft (in four reels) about 50 minutes of running time, and it took seven months 21 days to complete the film. The film received wide acclaim and was a commercial success.
The film premiered on 21 April 1913 at the Olympia Theatre, Grant Road for a selective audience, It was first show in public on 3 May 1913 at Bombay’s. where crowds thronged the roads outside the hall, as it marked the beginning of the Indian film industry. The film was so successful that Dada Saheb had to make more prints to show the film in rural areas as well.